Anarchy 5/July 19, 1936: Republic or revolution?
July 19, 1936:
Republic or revolution?
|Although the outbreak of the in July 1936 was followed by a far-|
In the Preface to quotes ’s observation that the knowledge of in his time was altogether inadequate. Marx went on toexplain that this was because historians ‘instead of viewing the strength and resources of these people in provincial and local organisation have drawn at the source of their court histories’. Paraphrasing Marx one could say that the inadequacy of Mr. The Spanish Civil War lies in the fact that he is so fascinated by the personalities of politicians and military men, so carried away by considerations of military strategy and international political intrigues that he more or less overlooks the chief actors—
The constitutional means of opposing the rising thus met with failure. It did so inevitably since the majority of the forces of so-
called law and order—
were with the rebels … The only force capable of resisting the rebels was that of the trade unions and left wing parties. Yet for the Government to use this force would mean that it accepted the inevitability of a left-
wing revolution. It is not surprising that a middle-
class liberal such as Casares shrank from this decisive step. But once again, at the stage that Spanish affairs had reached on the night of July 18, such a step was also inevitable. (p.141).
- Eyre & Spottiswoode (London 1961, 42s.)
- In Historia de la Guerra de Espana (Buenos Aires 1940).